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ADC 5 Click - MikroElektronika 12-bit CMOS Analog to Digital Converter

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  • ADC 5 Click - MikroElektronika 12-bit CMOS Analog to Digital Converter

    ADC 5 click is a device used to sample an analog voltage on the input and convert it to a digital information. In general, ADC (analog to digital converters) are the most commonly used devices for converting the voltage signals into an information, which can be then processed in the digital domain. There are many types of ADC converters commercially available. They can vary in bit depth, sample rate, used approximation algorithm (SAR, delta-sigma...) and so on. Those attributes affect how accurately the sampled voltage will be translated into the digital world.

    ADC 5 click uses the ADC121S021 device from Texas Instruments - a low power, single channel 12-bit CMOS analog to digital converter, with a high-speed serial interface. This device uses the SAR algorithm for sampling the input voltage which, coupled with relatively high bit depth, gives a pretty accurate digital reconstruction of the input voltage.

    How does it work?

    The ADC 5 click is equipped with the ADC121S021, a 12-bit CMOS ADC device from Texas Instruments. This AD converter is using a reference voltage obtained from the LP2985 LDO regulator from the same company, which provides a clean and accurate regulated voltage on its output, perfectly suited to be used as the reference voltage for this converter. Since the reference voltage is set to 3.3V, the maximum value of the input voltage is also 3.3V.

    The device uses the SPI communication. The MOSI pin does not exist, since no communication from the MCU to the click board™ is going on. The reading speed, also known as the sample rate, directly depends on the clock rate of the SCK line. The sample rate over which the specified electrical performance is ensured is 50 Ks/s to 200 Ks/s. The ADC121S021 has the ability to use any clock signal frequency up to the rated maximum frequency, so the sample rate can be changed continuously. 
    The sample rate is usually the determining factor when the maximum frequency of the input signal is considered. The aliasing of the input signal can occur as the input signal frequency is nearing half the sample rate of the converter. The bandwidth of the input signal is limited by this frequency, also called the Nyquist frequency, so using input frequencies beyond the Nyquist frequency, results with a very inaccurate conversion.

    ADC converters in general, use a range of different mechanisms to convert the voltage on their input terminals. The ADC121S021 AD converter uses the SAR, or the successive approximation method for the conversion, which consists of comparing the input voltage with a series of internally generated voltage values. At each step in this process, the approximation is stored in a successive approximation register. The comparing steps are continued until the desired resolution is reached. 

    The ADC click board is also equipped with the screw terminal which can be used for easy and secure connection of the input voltage rail. Although the reference voltage is 3.3V, it is powered only by the 5V rail from the mikroBUS™, used as the input for the LDO regulator.


    Type ADC
    Applications ADC 5 click can be used to digitally convert input voltage signals up to 3.3V so that the signals can be analyzed by various mathematical models and algorithms on the CPU or MCU.
    On-board modules ADC121S021 a single channel, 50ks/s to 200Ks/s, a 12-Bit SAR ADC, LP2950 - micropower voltage regulator with low voltage drop, both made by Texas Instruments.
    Key Features The ADC 5 click specified to work with sample rates from 50Ks/s to 200Ks/s. It uses a precise LDO as a reference voltage source and SAR approximation method of sampling
    Interface SPI
    Input Voltage 5V
    Click board size M (42.9 x 25.4 mm)




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